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The Kalona News
Kalona, Iowa
August 3, 1900     The Kalona News
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August 3, 1900

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THE KALONA NEWS. IT. G. M~[ITI~, Publisher. KALONA, ,, IOWA. A blight girl renders it thus: "A thing of beauty is a boy forever." Plu)bably the best way for a glrl re keep her hands free from chaps is to circulate the report that she has no money. If there are sermons in stones, why can't there be stump speeches for wood preservation In the burnt remains of forest fires. It would seem that at present the smoothest of Chinese statesmen had trouble enough to make him wrinkle his forehe'id like a washboard. Ex-President Ham'ison is reported to have said golf is not a game but a dis- ease. It is a good deal like appendicitis, too. 0nly well-to-do people can afford to have it. 'What is poetry?" asks all earnest contemporary. Poetry may be defined off-haml as that which so many people think they can write and so many edi- tors know they can't. Women physicians are to examine the women v,,ho apply for positions in the Chicago schools hereafter, and only those of robust physique will be em- ployed. Teaehing~ school is work that is wearing on the nerves -it tlle best. qnd when a teacher is in ill health the children intnlsted to her suffer. Per- haps the Chicago school board is not wrong in thinking that the great fault of the school system to-day is the phys- lea] weakness of many of the teachers. Involuntary suicide by high and tight collar is ()he of the decrees of-ruling fashions for men. Morb human beings of both sexes sacrifice health, life or comfort to fashion's decrees than lu the service of any nobler cause. The high tight collar has revived a social incident which was peculiar to Dry- den's day and which lie has described in "Sir Fopling Flutter." The tight stock then in vogue made men invohm- tartly seek relief from cerebral pres- sure by violent shaking of the head. Sir Fopling adored a "diving bow"-- Which. with a shog, casts all the hair be- fore, Till he with full decorum brings it back And rises with a water spaniel shake. From one extreme fashion usually proceeds to another. The tight collar and hlgh may revive the flowing neck- erchief, which assured both ease and grace to man's neck before asphyxia by fashion came in. The move one thinks of the fine thought that the Victorian era's immor- tals will be, It0t its soldiers, but its phil. osophers and poets, the more true does it seem. Liberty has been the watch- word of the Victorian literature. Lib- erty has not been the gonfalon of the English soldier. The baVtle for free- dom has been waged by the writers. Ruskin foughL against tradition and precedent in art. Ctmrles Dickens and Charles Reed attacked political and so- cial tyranny as did the historians. Grote and Macaulay. Henry Dram- mend and John Watson and Martiueau have waged pitched baVtles against In- direction and slavishness in religion. George Eliot and Charlotte Bronte haw expensed society's shams a~n(l wrongs. Spencer and Lewes have largely destroyed the old philosopi~y, and Lecky, Carlyle. Buckle and Freud have rewritten the old history. Tcnny- ~n and Browning have thrilled the, worm for freedom no less than Byron and Shelley. In science especially has a great work been wrought for liberty, as lnstanee in one group, Darwin, Huxley, Tyndall and Muller, and in another. Faraday, Herschel and tIngh Miller. What mames are these? Where Is the name of the soldier of the Victorian age that can rank w,ith the least of these when measured by his effort to advance the race? The Iowa crop report contains a sug- gestion that may be partly responsible for the short crop of wheat. It Indi- cates a considerable gain in acreage of corn and a falling off in the acre- ages of wheat and other crops, with improved conditions of live stock. This is an indlcation that the tendency is more and mdre each year to devote the farm to corn for stock feeding pur- poses and to give ut) the raising of ' small grain for market. Wittl the usual prices of grain and stock this is good policy, and it is advisPd by most of the agricultural papers which urge it as the best plan for small farmers. The shipping of feed when the stock might be fattened on the farm is wasteful. An illustration is found in a recent number at the Louisiana Planter, which told of the use of molasses in that sec- tion of the country for stock. It seems that while for years low grade molasses has been shipped to. England from New Orleans for fattening stock, it had not occurred to the Louisiana planters that It would be more profitable for them molasses for their o~m ant- save the expense of trans- attrff and the barrels. Last year they began using it with profitable results. The same discovery in regard to the profitable- ness of feeding corn seems to have been made by the farmers of the Cen- tral West. Like all good men happily married, Gladstone owed much to the sympathy, advice, appl~eciation, and common sense of his wife. the venerable lady who has recently ende'd her long and admirable career. Ite also was her debtor in n peculiar sense, for she guarded his bodily health and his peace of mind as few public men were ever shielded. Her care for his physical welfare and his happiness was so constant, so un- tiring, and so intelligent that she was sometimes shaken of as a sort of spe- cial providence watching over his com- ings and goings, his food and exercise. his clothing and his sleep. It was once said of her that she kept her famous husl)and in cotton, for ,he found the hard angles and corners of life won- derfully smoothed and !)added by his wife's shrewd and vigilant protection from whatever might do him harm or cause him needless strain or worry, It is hard lo estimate too highly the value t'o:a public nmn of such assistance. No One can weigh accurately the sh'Ire of Gladstone's llfe work which would never have been accomplished if he had been unfortunately married, or not married at all. ~A'hat is certain is that his chances for the great success which he won were immensely increased by the extreme good fortune which came to him early m the form of domestic happiness and remained with him ~o the end of his life. Young men who are ambitious, sensible, and strong should give due heed to this striking object lesson on the necessity of care in marrl-lge and ttle wisdom of not fail- ing to find a good wife. A Boston newspaper has been trying to fiml out. through interviews with col- lege auVhorities, whether the profes- sions are overcrowded, and whether young men in professional life can earn their expenses during the first year. It is true that the opinions of deans of the professional schools can- not be altogether free from prejudice, as it is the duty of each one of them to build up his particular department. The facts, however, bring out some points that cannot fail to be of interest to the many youths who are hesitating betweeu a busines~ and a professional career. The deans of both the Boston and IIarvard law schools say that the legal profession is not overcrowded. Prof. Ames of Hqrvard says that a young lawyer cannot expect to make his bread and butter the first year. Dean Bennett of the Boston Law School sa,ys that any yotmg man who is in earnest can succeed in tile law. but adds the rather contradictory ad- mission that "two thirds of the lawyers to-day could do practically all the law business there is to be done." As to medicine. Dr. Richardson of the Har- vard Medical School states that a prac- titioner of even mediocre abilities will succeed if lie attends to business, but adds that he cannot go to football games and sail about the harbor. Few young doctors pay their way the first year. Dr. Smith, dean of the Harvard dental school, is more optimistic and declares that there is plenty of room for dentists. The outlook for the be- ginner is better now than at any previ- ous time. He said that the first year was uphill work. but that a number of nicn make $2.000 the first year, though the average for the novice would be about $500. The most golden oppor- tunity for youth, judged from the opin- Ions of the secretaries of rile Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard and of the Massachusetts School of Technology, are to be found in science. Seeret'lry Loveof the former school says: "I should say that there are not one-half enough professional graduates in engi- nering to-day. I do not think there is the slightest~ear of overcrowding. In mining, civil, mechanical and electrisal engineering I know of no difficulty that our graduates have had In getting started." If there are any conclusions to be derived from these opinions it is that there is room in the professions. not only at the top, but in the m~ldle, and in some professions at the begin- ning.' It would have been interesting if the deans of the different theological schools had been asked to hdd their testimony. Carlyle's Inconsistency. In "Dean Milman's Ijffe," by his son, occurs the following: "Caxlyle began to grumble, looking across at F.roude: 'There is a man who tries to wl~tewash and' excuse a tyrant. You cannot improve ~e~l and yon can- not alter them by telling soft lies about them. They axe cruel, wicked men, and God l~ts them g~ng their Mn gait.' My father did not quite c~teh what Carlyle was saying,i and made neighbor re- pe~t it. Being seized of the matter, he called out. !IAsten, Fronde--listen: here is Mr. Carlyle denouncing you fat- mak- ing I-Ienry VIII. a hero and a great king. Won't you remind him of t~red-'-' crick tile Great?' Carlyle looked in ~reat dudgeon for about half a minute, and then burst ou~ irate a guffaw of l~tughter." be per. WILLIAM R. HEARST. FOREMOST REPRESENTATIVE OF NEW JOURNALISN~. An Aggressive Editor Whose Methods Have Given Him a Wide Reputation-- He Is Now the Owner of Three Great Newspaper Properties. One of the most aggressive of Ameri- can editors is William Randolph Hearst, of New York, San Francisco. and now Chicago, where he has estab- lised a new paper, Hearst's Chicago American. He is the foremost repre- sentative of the new journalism. Mr. Hearst is a son of the late United States Senator George F. Itearst, who made an immense fortune in mining enterprises on the Paelfie slope'. He was born in California thirty-eight years ,%go and graduated from Har- vard University. He is the owner and editor of the San Francisco Examiner, the New York Journal. the New York Evening Jom~lal and the New York WILLIAM RANDOLPH HEARST. Morgen Jommal, and the new Chicago paper. Mr. Hearst acquired his taste for journalism as editor of the IIarvard Lampoon, when he was in college. After he had finished school his father. the Senator, said to him: "Now, youtlg Inau. what do 3~ou want to make of yourself? .... An editor," said young Heaxst decidedly. Senator Hearst gave him $1,000,000 and he invested it in a newspaper., That paper is now the San Francisco Exam- iner, but when Mr. Hearst bought it it was a small affair, and the little repu- tation it had was not the beat. He made a success of the Examiner, and in two years' time it be~,ame one of the influential newspapers of the United States. Here Mr. Hearst obtained a good deal of valuable experience at a cost of consideral)le money. He sunk nearly all of his $1.000.000 in intangible assets before lie began to get any re- turns on the Llvestment. To-day the Examiner pays a princely income. Mr. Hearst then went to New York and looked over the field. He bought a newspaper the moribund Journal. that had been dragging along under the management of Albert Pulitzer.. A laugh rippled along Park Row. That 1895. but the name of William Randolph Hearst had not gone very fa~: in journalism five years ago. Mr. Hearst had the disadvantage of looking very young and very innocent. He seemed to be about 25--tall blonde. smooth-shaven and mild-mannered. His eyes axe blue -,rid he has a bland and childish smile. New York journalism started out to have some fun with him. At that time the New York Journal had a circulation of about 75.000 and no ad- vertising to speak of. Consequently wiseacres commonly believed that the young man from 'Frisco had invested in a gold brick. Paragraphers made funny remarks and caricaturists felt rich in Mr. Hearst's iunocent face and wide blue eyes. They represented him as the "Baby Cowboy Charging Park ROW." Mr. Hearst began to run the New York Jommal on a plan that was new to the East. His method was looked upon with horror by some people, and it is to-day, for that matte,". Headlines ran riot, and often it seemed that the "hell box" had been put through the presses by mistake. Mr. Hearst printed the news, but he printed it in his own fashion. Things which had formerly appeared on the front page in leaded type went to the back pages or failed to get In altogether. There was noth- ing hidebound about the ,Journal. Be- cause things always had been so was considered the very best reason for a change in the Journal office. The ;IouI'nal respected no "white elephants" or, "sae~d cows." It walked over the corns of some eminently respectable people, and when they "hollered" the Journal said that it was doing them good. "Hope you feel better." said Mr. Hearst, as he went on to disturb more bunions and smash more brlc-a-brae. The Journal and Its methods attracted people who like that sort of thing, and they now foot up a vast army. Mr. Hearst soon faired himself in an easy chair on top of a heap of broken idols and with two profitable newspapers in his control. But tt was not until the' last Presl- d~ntial campaign came on that Mr. York Journalism. The yotmg paper had' begun to "sit up and take notice," but its future was not a~,rured. When the Democratic convention met in Chicago it nominated Bryan in the teeth of the New York delegation. Mr. Hearst's advisers told him that New York was a gold center, and that to swing the paper to Bryan meant the ruin Of a promising newspaper plant. Mr. Hearst said that the Journal would be a free silver paper, mud it was. Bryan and Hearst are now as brothers. Editor Hearst was in favor of the Slmnish war. He lent his pen and his reddest ink and his biggest type to bringing it on. When the war came on he wen~ to Cuba and visited the camps of the soldiers. For a time lie took charge of his own news service and di- rected the handling of ~ews at the front. He tendered his yacht, the fast- est boat in Southern waters, to the Government at a time when a dispatch boat was sorely needed. The offer was accepted, and the Hearst yacht did good service till the fghting was over. If he was against the generals and the P, oard of Strategy he was always in favor of the men in the ranks, Mr. H(-arst has always been an ag- gressive American. He fights some- times in a fiamboyam style, but still with effective thrusts. AN HISTORIC EVENT, The Signing of the First Declaration of Independence. In an historic section of North Caro- lina there has recently been erected an imposing monument which will recall to the minds of all who gaze upon it an eveni of pre-revolutionary days which was then. and still is. regarded as one of the first steps on the road ro citizen- ship in the American republic. The monument stands on the spot once oc- cupied by Queen's College, the first in the United States, and in this ground also the bodies of ninny of Cornwallis' soldiers found a resting place after their encounters with the patriots. The memorial is in Chaxlotte, N. C,, and its dedication, recently, marked the 125th anniversary of the signing of the Mecklenburg declaration of inde- pendence. This famous document pre- ceded by many months the one drawn up at Philadelphia, and in consequence is the first formal expression against England formulated by the colonies. The old log court house in which the band of resolute men met to assert their rights and the rights of their fel- low citizens then stood in Indepen- HISTORIC COURT HOUSE AT CHARLOTTE~ N. C, deuce square, and the site is marked by a heavy iron plate recording the fact. The resolutions were framed May 20, 1775. and, while many historians claim to do'ul)t their existence, the document undoubtedly did exist and an abridged copy of the original resolution has been secured. The wording of the document was very similar in parts to the Declar- ation of Independence, which was not given birth until more than a year later. Pap t's Mistake. The parents stood gazing with frown. ing brows at their daughter, while she was trembling and weeping, prepara- tory to reading a letter found in the girl's pocket. It began: " 'Angel of my existence---" "What!" cried the old man.- "You don't mean to gay it begins like that? Oh, that a child of mine should corre- spond" with--But, pray proceed, my dear." " 'It is impossible for me to describe the Joy with which your presence has filled me-----' " "Then why does he at'tempt it, the donkey? But pray don't let me inter- rupt-you. Go on--go on, let the joy b~ unconfined." " 'I have spent the whole night in bitterly deriding the obstinate old buf- fer, who will not consent to our un- iOn ' " "Great Scott! So I'm an obstinate, dtsagTeeable old buffer, eh? Oh, let me get at him!" "But, Theedorus, my dear, I didn't see this over the leaf." "Eh? Let me see. H'm--' "'Yours, with all the love of my heart.--Theodorus, 10th May, 18603 " "Why, bless my eyes, it's one of my letters!" (Sensation.) "Yes, pa," exclaimed the olive branch. "I found it yesterday, only you would not let me speak." "You may go into the garden, dear. H'm, we've made a mess of it!"--Lon- don Answers. Old Goose. Mrs. ~V. R. Brown, who li~es near Mil~er, Pa., has a goose that is nearly 50 years old. The old goose has laid yearly for forty years, and effel~ year since 1854, up to two years ago, she ha~ MRS, A. J. Wife of the Indiana Died Recently. Mrs. Albert J. Beverid indiana Senator, who was seldom absent from the side in his explorations pines, and exposure ach trouble that proved and Mrs. Beveridge were De Pauw University, and their engagement was before they graduated. Kate Langsdale, of father, George Langsdale, Is postal service at Porto RicO, Mns. A, J. only brother. George, is eridge's private secretary. After Mr. Beveridge United States Senator, housekeeping and left the Philippines, a trip of historical interest. Mrs went with lier husband pines and afterward of Japan, while her short time in China, She Japan three weeks with flammation. Mr. and Mrs- returned to this country, home apparently in Beveridge was later with the same trouble, and gering illness died in tarium a~ Dansville, N, Y- Horseflesh as The use of horseflesh subject which has beeO prominence of late sities to which the in South Africa have bee~ is. therefore, a matter est that certain butchers elsco have been flesh of the horse as beef in the and other viands. unwholesome in a clean-feeding animal as it is rightly considered not be foisted upon of more expensive continental countries the flesh for human food but the butchers are animals are killed tary conditions. The ical Journal points out par'ttively easy to detect of horseflesh even in titles as 5 per cent. meat is boiled for shoat an)all quantity of water, ward reduced l)y and giltered. To this drops of compound of (one part iodine tassic iodide water) is added, violet coloration of horse t A "What's your inquired an employer c for a post as office "Revelations "Funny name tio~ was "Well, it was like My eldest they and Luke. so father stick to the New I was born they got "Were you "Last but Old Te him 'Numbers.' meats. ][;'eel An English years or more has criminal anthrc voluminous ear~ are characteristic of the WaMte Pine and logs come Worthless