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The Kalona News
Kalona, Iowa
November 14, 1946     The Kalona News
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November 14, 1946

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THE KALONA NEWS @ U. S. Awaits Russian Game at " " Session By BAUKHAGE NewJ Analyst and Commentator. WNU Ser~, !~16:~e Street, N.W., Wa~gton, D. C. UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.--Of course this dateline" t~'t officiaL' But, since the brand new ate, ~ion where I got off had a nice "United Nations" ranis red and gold, I can call it~ that. The Nations meeting in two different places: T,he "a s sere bly, where I happen to be at this writ- ing, at Flushing, N. Y., and the Wallace that the United States can pursue some middle-of-the.road pal. icy and that East and West can thus move together without friction. There is no question, however, that the task that Secretary Byrnes has set out for himself admits of no ap- )easement. Draw Line on $o~et Expansion There have been a long series of books by experts and others, telling lust what is wrong with our foreign policy and what might have been done or might be done to improve t i. William Buliltt tried in a book (already mentioned in these col- umns) to show that Russia's dreams Baukhage of empire are nothing new, that the Soviets are merely taking up where the Czars left off. More recently Louis Fischer has come along with his "Great Challenge." Edgar Ansei Mowrer, reviewing this book in the Saturday Review of Literature, says that "if Henry Wal- lace had read and understood this book, he would l)ot . . . "push a completely unrealistic policy of up- peasement of Soviet Russia." Mow. rer probably would be the last per. son to claim that he was prejudiced in favor of the Soviet rule but h( is certainly familiar with his sub- Ject and his comment is worth con- sideration. As for Fischer. he laughs at the idea put forth by the R~sso- phlles that all we have to do is to assure Russia of her security, re- move her suspicions and fears of democracy, and then she will march shoulder to shoulder with the rest of us, Fischer says Russia's be- havior is explained not by fear of attack but by certainty that she will not be attacked. This belief seems to be back of the American action We today. It is to be hoped that during the negotiations at Lake Suc- cess, Russia's more specific objec- tives will be revealed as they Were in Paris. Fischer claims that 'qRussia is not" afraid and not sus- picious for two clear reasons: The British empire is in ~decline and on the defensive: America rushed from victory to headlong psychological and miLitary demobfliz~tion2' H that is true then it mus~t be made The broadcastL~g booth in which I sit looks right down on the first row of delegates, the United King- dam ,under my chin, United States next. then Uruguay, then Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Senator Austin, the white-haired and digni. fled head of our delegation, sits on the end seat. Foreign Minister Mo- tar, then Ambassador Gromyko on his left, sits about in the~ middle of his crowd. The two groups represent clash- tug ideologies, conflicting ideas, But gun, They are in conflict. Force R~_g Hand at Pa~ reveal what the Russian objective was and temps!arty, at least, Byrnes was able to block that ob- jective. It was plain tram the be- vent any conclusive action regard- ing th~ situation in Europe which she Could not dictate. Chaos, if not time, fought on her side. along the Volga another shape be. 'J ,, U,. N, Imrley, at a and the conference like a to shoot : wllieh for cut Byrnes' him for~- of and opened w~ the ~Unlted States syrn,. remains against ~tary lowed to that ltn~ s not want to not a question of war. It is exPe.~d that the ph~-priek.~ ing policy by Yugoslavia will ~on; tinue. At this writing further oeg. forts to obtain control of dane]lea are ing in the Rus~n it to go farther, Ttto eould Verse, vp is the obJect/ve df a earn- the ,american The new agency would New QUEENS OF ~EA, IN WAR AND PEACE... The mighty batflesh/p USS Missouri, on which the Jsp surrender terms were signed, and the glint ~. queen Eli~tbe~, which served as a troolZlhip during the war and now is back in service ~ a luxury passenger liner, are shown In New York harbor. t NEWS REVIEW | i Strike; V olence Marks New Arms Curb Sought LABOR: Militant Police were hard put to maintain order at the Allis-Chaimers tractor plant at Milwaukee, Wis., as strik- ing pickets of the CIO-United Auto- V,~,: In ~4ccord The U. S. and Russia came off all even in their first swap at the United Nations assembly in New York. If any- Customer Is Always Right--- D z Future 'Push-Button' Era CONCRETE By AL JE]DLICI~I m~o ~m~.t BRO~Vb'IE'S WNLT Staff Writer 2618 Scott. The customer is always right! Stubborn clerks who frequently have questioned the boss' BUSINESS &" ! insistence on the truth of that age-old assertion soon will bel deprived of that opportunity. In fact, in the "push-button" own .your own ry franchise. era which lies ahead there will. be no one to dispute the cus- tomer's authority to make final decision. A preview of the multiple self-service gadgets which are destined to become commonplace in the "push-button" era was afforded by representatives of the vending machine industry when regulate the amount of butter he de- the National Automatic Merchandis- sires. ing association met recently in Chi- cago. Self-Servlcc Supreme. By dropping a coiv into a device. the customer will be able to fill his tank with gas, obtain change for a dime, quarter or dollar, sizzle his own hot dogs and hamburgers, pop his own corn. obtain a railroad tick- et, take out an msuranee policy, buy packaged groceries, have his shoes shined, and, heaven knows, what next! While the U. S. was far be- hind Europe in coin vending ma- chinery before the war, this country promises to forge far ahead in use of such devices in the future, especially since the bigger consumer outlets are considering their advantages as economical and efficient mer- chandisers. As manufacturers have perfected the machines, operators have found them to be quick, low-cost and silent salesmen. Indeed, there is nobody to argue, with the customer about be- Lug right! Boon to Commuters. In use in Sweden for almost 30 years, the automatic railroad tiekel machine now employed by the Pennsylvania railroad in New York has proved a boon to travelers accustomed to fidget In long lines before ticket windows as precious time commenced to tick out. A panel above the machine provides instruc. tions for use. Then, the commuter inserts his money and recelves a fully stamped ducat for his des!inn-l tion, 1 'the use of an automatic vending machine to purvey insurance rep. resents the last word in furnishing prospective buyers with a canyon- ance. provides 100% community. sold to the serviced at dealer. in many counties. Choice available. No For THE S11 East 7th GENERAL mont. Modern er 36 Bldgs. and $15,000. Owner East Lake No FARM POWER Rm. ]265, 141 JOHN DEER]~ Power" High ( able. Reports more power. better star!in ban. less sion and quired. "'B" Models serial number THE Climtom Every farm hand tacker that Ideal for coops, for siding, for er and a box for $7.50, mobile Workers bucked s back to work movement of over 3,000 em- ployees. As violence mounted,.the number of returning workers was cut In half. As militant pickets turned over cars attempting to ent~ the plant, clashed with returu~g workers and hurled stones at company win. dows, county and suburban police were compelled to appeal to Mfl. waukee authorities for reenforce- ments. Over 200 of Mflwatikee's fln. eat were sent to the plant, but even so the enlarged police detail encountered dlfficulty holding the strikers In check. Allls-ChaLmers remained adamant against granting UAW s closed shop as the strike entered' its seventh nonth. While agreeing to check off ~nion dues wi~ workers' permission, the cornpav.y stood out against compromise on compelling era. Pl0yees to Join the UAW. FARM MACHINERY: Huge Demand Despite heavy production, farm machinery mam~facturers will not be able to meet the big demand for equipment for at least another year, officials of the Nation. a s~ocl. With demand high, dealers have been able to meet only 40 per cent of their orders and manufacturers great improve. it was said. Farmers' thing, the U. S. got No More Expenses. the better of the ex- Motorists should be especially in. change as Delegate terested in the new automatic gas Warren R. Austin pump, scheduled for trial installs- of Vermont conduct- !ion around the first of the year. ed himself with a This device was designed for sta. gentiemanlyreserve tions that close in the evening and thatForelgnCOntrastedMinisterWlth do not afford 24-hour service to cus, Molotov's vitriol. Warren R, Molotov was the Austin first to speak, call- ing for internation- al disarmament, a report on the number of allied troops in non.en. emY states, retention of the veto power of the Big Five in the security council. He bitterly attacked U. S. and British imperialists, headed by _ j~mL. _ tomers. Any farmer coming into town late; any tourist stretching the Winston Churchill, for seeking world last gallon of gas at night, or any domination. Ignoring Molotov's political charges, Austin entered into a dis- ~TRlon of the proposals raised by u sslan: If the Russians wanted interna. tional disarmament, the U. S. would gladly oblige, provided an adequate system of inspection and other safe. guard~ would be established to guar- antee fulfillment of the program. Aft- er the last war, Austin recalled, the U. S. accepted the principle of dis, armarntnt but remained alone in carrying it out. If the Russians desired a report on the number of Allied troops in non-enemy states the U. S. aug. geared that the check be extended to former enemy countries as well (Such an~ all conclusive report would provide the world with an adequate estimate of Russian troop strength behind the iron curtain, said by Churchill to total 200 divisions.) If the Russians opposed a modl. fication of the veto power at this time, the U.S. also was against re- the device now in use in the East, vision of the U. N. charter. How m~nufacturers hope to extend oper. ever, the U. S. hoped that the Big stions to the Midwest, said to be Five cQ~uki get together in the fu- ture to modify the veto in the case :Not only is the corn popped in this settlement Of disputes, it on the questio.~ force. FAO: U, S. Bac~s Down Having heartily endorsed a plat, of the United Nations Food and Ag- r~cuJ~we' Oxganization at Copen- hagen, Denmark, for d~stribution o! fqod to needy couotries at bargain pld~.,the,U, S. repudiated its Posi- tion as an FAO eomrnl$~ion met in Washington, D. C. to work out de- tails o~ the project. Under the plan. FAO would nave beau confronted with an emptying tank after a long spin through the countryside, should find the auto- matic Pump a welcome oasis. Drop in the money, pick up the hose and, presto! the fuel gurgles in. With vending machines coming into more general use for a wide variety of items, the automatic changer provides a convenient means, of furnishing customers with needed coins. At present, two such machines will make change for u dime and quarter in nickels and for a dollar in any combination. The automatic hot dog and hamburger vendor already has proven its worth and promises to obtain wider acceptance. After the insertion of the coin, the weenie or hamburger is roasted before one's very eyes through the application of elec- tronics. In all, the operation takes 15 seconds. The automatic corn popping ma- :hine is a more recent invention that works with equal facility. With fund contribuled by memb,r ha. ~. When the world price for food WOuld have gone above a predeter. r~ned level, then FAO would have ~o!d its reserves to needy buyers at the ~ow6r figure. New Unit guarantee loans to small business ~rough member banks. Admi~ Gevernment Link, for a centralized small completely cut Supreme court in "the last 50 years "'have ) to 90 per enabled big business to be the big b~loans to small bull ra~her than the big brothe~.'" small business wants no govern. rn@ntal "wardship" or "protection," but rather a "square deal, legalb and morally," Hellyer 'concluded "Such is our rightful positinn ~t our economy and such:is Our post I fln !efore our governmenL'" I the greatest consumer of the item. device, but also the customer can Pilfered Articles Result in Career ORLANDO, FLA. -- Sheets stolen from his mother, a few old plumb- ing fixtures and bther scraps start- ed Raymon Parker, nationally- known glider pilot, on his career. With th,~. pilfered sheets and dis. carded articles. Parker at the age of 15 had built, flown and crashed his first glider. In the interval since then he has become one of the world's outstand. ing glider pilots. He holcffs one of the nation's six Golden Ca. high. eat attainment in soaring, and this year's distance record. Parker now is stationed at Pine Castle army air field with the Soar. ing Society of America flying gliders in the Thunderstorm project in which the army and navy are seek. ing scientific %hunderstorm data. Recalling that first flight as a youth, Parker said the glider, which had a 32.foot wing span, soared at 1,000 feet with the aid of s Call. !ornia thermal for 90 minutes. It was towed off by a 1916 mDdel car. "That was my first and last acct. dent," said the expert. Parker also paints and makes wood miniatures. tent means for taking out a policy. L H K 3~34 To be sure, the investor ordinarily ~M]NNEAPO has to be sold before making use of the machine, but its presence in FARMS some convenient locality spares zso ~ s4o hL,'n the effort of getting in touch show farms all priced to with a salesman to close the deal. Hell[and Realtor# When procuring a policy through FOR the vending machine, the purchaser vatecL 12 miles inserts enough money to pay his $22s. T. L,. first premium, receiving a receipt zoo ACRE set all and a contract. All he has to do then, is to. fill out the contract and EDW. T. send it into the company. FINE No Snippy Clerks. Use of automatic frozen food ma- chines "has withstood tests in big chain outlets and with the trend drive-in toward seLf-service marts there arsl fared by prospects for increasin~g installation Marrlsen, of these vendors. Indeed, Nathant Cummings, president of the Consol. I idated Grocers Inc., who is con-[ sidered one of the sharpest food J merchandisers in the industry, de.1 clared it is pos~ble to foresee com. plete]y automatic grocery super- markets. ' Men who don't look at their own shoes, and don't expect others to, should be pleased with the auto- matic shoe shiner, which relieves them of the onerous task of stretch, ing and straining to tidy up the brogans. Because the machine is a t[icky little device, they can shine thelr shoes oftener, too. After in- serting a coin. the customer turns~ a dial to &be color cf his shoes, twists another one to adj,ust the mechanism to his size, and t~en the brushes whirr around to do the job. 0 tempora! 0 mores! Greps Supplanting De ies in Arizona TUCSON, ARIZ. -- Long regard- ed as a desert and the domain ol cows, dogies~ and cowboys, Arizona rapidly is becoming one of the best truck gardens in the nat~on throug~ the magic of~Lrrigation. The state's output of vegetables last year netted farmers 38 million dollars, reports Dr. George Burr, agricultural economist of Uni- versity of Arizona agricultural ex- periment station. As a producer of revenue, the ro. mantle cattle industry has been shoved back into a poor second place with its total of 29 milliol dollars in 1945, Dr. Burr says. Although generally considere( Arizona's biggest agricultural crop cotton now lags far behind one vega. table -- head lettuce. Cotton lint and cottonseed last year produced 17 million dollars: head lettuce, more than 20 million dollars. The infant truck farming indus, try to date has been confined to ~two comparatively small areas in Salt river valley near Phoenix and Yuma valley. Both are well Irri. Bated. ~ . ~ Invents Lock picker-Nol for Salo CHATTANOOGA, TENN. -- After 18 years' experimentation, William ............ locksmith, has perfected a" portable electric lock PiCker. Misldll claims his device will open the average door lock in a matter of seconds and would be a potential bonanza for housebreakers and car thieves. The lock picker never will be put en sale, Mi.skfll says, as he's a lock. smith and it's to his interest to,pre- serve locks. The device consists of a long steel needle connected to some coils which cause the needle to vibrate when electric current is applied. The' locksmith inserts the needle and a tensiofi tool into" the lock, then presses the trigger. The needle vibrates and, aided by the ten~;~v tool, forces the lock tumbler Up and the door opens. all power I: for resale THE Cedar Rapid~ IF YOU Write Other ~[F IT'~ A