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November 26, 1942     The Kalona News
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November 26, 1942

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nlllll WEEKLY, NEWS ANALYSIS Us S. Troops Fighting Nazis in Tunisia As British Push West Through Libya Close Strong Pincers on Axis Forces; Ceiling Is Lif on U. S. Farm Wages THE KALONA NEWS mmll LEND-LEASE: Still Up Even while the United States was undergoing the huge task of pre- paring for the North African inva- sion our allies were getting even more lend-lease aid than before. This fact was revealed by President Roosevelt w~en he announced that amount of goods and services fur- {EDITOR'S NOTE: Who opiios are expressed i these columns, they are ~to~ of Westr Newspaper UnJo's ewe analyst4J and ot necessarily of this ewspaper) Released by Western Newspaper Union, nished the other United Nations last month increased one-third over any Previous month. A record-breaking $915,000,000 worth of lend-lease was chalked up in that period. This, the President indicated, should convince all that the Axis was wrong in assuming that our aid to the United Nations would de- crease once we began a strong of- fensive action. Also, said the Presi- dent, our lend-lease aid will not de- crease in the future. Production schedules are aimed at supplying iAmerican supply line to North Af- .... I rica the Madeiras close to the A.f both the needs of military forces and . , many of the needs of the United mean coast. Nations. Therefore, it was considered pos- Among items which did not show sible that the Germans might at- up in the cold figures of the report tempt to use these islands as sub- was news that before the U. S. air- marine or even air bases, or that craft carrier Wasp was sunk. that the United States in turn might need ship had carried two priceless loads the islands for emergency bases. of Bri~sh Spitfire fighting planes to Both island groups are Portu- ~2)o i thing very beautiful about one of those bragging squareheads biting the dust. They yell uncle so sin- cerely . . . If you enjoy nervous Nazis, tune in on the Berlin short wavers and listen to them pretty up the African disasters. Their broadcasters sound like lush-rollers in police court--explaining how the victim's wallet gave them such a Pictured at their weekly Jolt luncheon in Washington, U. S. chiefs of staff plan future strategy. Left to right: Admiral E. J. King, command- er in chief of the U. S. fleet and chief of naval operations; Gen. George C. Marshall, chief of sta~, U. S. army; Admiral William D. Leahy, chief of staff to the commander in chief of the army and navy, and Lieut. Gen. H. H. Arnold, commanding general, U. S. army air forces. TUNISIA : Kick/or Rommel American soldiers battled against German troops in their first regular engagement of World War If when the British first army and a smaller United States force clashed with Axis troops defending the naval base of Bizerte in Tunisia. While United States Rangers par- ticipated in the raid on Dieppe this was the first time that a strong force of United States soldiers and the Germans faced each other in battle. When the Morocco radio---con- trolled by the Allies--announced that contact had been established be- tween the Allied force and the Ger- mans the broadcast was confirmed by German wireless. The Morocco radio estimated at the time of the broadcast the Axis had landed 10,000 German and Italian troops in Tuni. sia. and said enemy forces were reported arriving in transport planes and by sea. Early reports gave no indication of the size of the American force. However, Lieut. Gen. K A. N. An. derson, British commander of the combined operation in Tunisia, said that it made up one.tenth of his striking force and included special units. The British nine-tenths con- sisted of veteran soldiers, superbly trained, who have met the Germans in previous engagements. Lieut. Gen. Dwight E. Eisenhower announced that the drive in Tunisia was "advancing as fast as possible according to plan." Several French garrisons were battling incoming Axis troops, con- centrating on transports and shoot. ing soldiers as they came to earth. However, the opposition from the poorly equipped French was consid- ered more as a harassment than a serious hindrance, but was given a warm welcome by the Americans and British. Eisenhower reported that the Mediterranean waters were "swarm- ing with enemy submarines" de- tailed by the Axis to disrupt ALlied landing of reinforcements and war stores. In London Prime Minister Churchill announced that Allied countermeasures had resulted in sink/no 13 enemy subs in North Af- rican waters, five of them in two days, MAXIMUM PRICES: /1 mended Regulations Office of Price Administration of- ficials have announced amendments to the regulations covering certain essential ~oocl products such as but- ter, eggs and fruits. Under this OPA policy food pro- pared and sold on the premises ia excluded from the maximum price control, Sales by a farmers' co. operative are covered, but sales by a farmer of the products on his farm are not included, unless made to an ultimate consumer. War procurement agencies can buy any of the products at higher than established prices. Sales de- liveries to the U. S. or United Na- tions in some cases are exempt. Meanwhile, after a four-week en- forcement drive throughout the country, more than 4,000 grocers were served with OPA license warn- rags, These charge violation of the general maximum price regulation. JHIGHLIGHTS NEW GUINEA: Trap Closes Word of ever-increasing action on New Guinea came from General MacArthur's headquarters where it was announced that American and Australian ground troops, converg- ing on the Jap invasion base at Buna, had joined forces for the at. tack. Continuous air attacks supported the steady advance in New Guinea, an ofl%ial communique said. The Allied forces had been closing on Buna only Jap base in southeastern New Guinea ever since American troops were landed by air late in October. Australian troops have pushed down tim north slope of the Owen Stanley. mountain range to near Buns from the west. The Ameri-[ cans approached up from the south l "The enemy, under command of Lieut. Gem Tomatore Horii, now faces the Allies to the west and south, with the jungle and the sea at his back. Our air force is at- tacking without respite," the com- munique said. GUADALCANAL: Touch and Go While American and Japanes~ warships hammered at each other in a gigantic Solomon Island battle, Australian Navy Minister Makin warned his people that the outcome of the naval engagement will deter- mine Japan's plan for the invasion of ~ustralla. A navy communique from Wash- Ington said that the fight which raged on the sea, in the skies and on Guadalcanal resulted from "a de- termined effort on the part of the Japanese to recapture positions in the Guadalcanal-Tfilagi area" which U. S. marines had captured last August. Navy Minister Makin warned tt~at there should be no undue optimism or complacency over Allied suc- cesses in Africa and New Guinea. "The Solomons," he added, "are the screen between the enemy and Aus- tralia, and if the Japanese should break through the Allied naval cor- don they certainly will attack Aus- tralia." FARM WAGES: Ceiling Lifted It was announced by the Office of Economic Stabilization that for the time being the ceiling on agri- cultural wages has been lift@d. Ac. cording to OES Director Byrnes, this plan will be in effect until the department of agriculture can de- termine two things: (1) What effect farm wages have on farm production in the more critical farm labor shortage areas; and (2) Where increases in farm wages may threaten to cause an increase in the price ceilings on farm pro- ducts. 1942 Production Meanwhile the department of ag- riculture was estimating the 1942 production of principal farm crops and comparing them with last year. This is the way these figures looked: 1942 Production 1941 Prodaction Corn 3,185.141,000 bu. 2,672,541,000 bu. Wheat 984,046,000 ha. 945,937,000 ha. Cotton 13,329.000 bales 10,800,000 bales I in the week's news J CASUALTIES: Australian casual- ties in the British offensive against the Axis in Egypt were set at about 2,000 (mostly wounded), according to a Melbourne source. 8 $ $ STATIC: From Bombay, India, came a dispatcb that police had seized a broadcasting station said to be operated secretly bY members of the All.lndia Congress party. PACT: Looking forward to bet- ter commercial relations after the war, China and Cuba have signed an alliance and friendship treaty. $ $ FOUND: Missing for three weeks on an air-flight inspection trip of Pacific bases for the army, Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker, World War ace. and members of his plane's crew were rescued. Malta and that American engineers and soldiers are expanding the capacity of railroads taking supplies into Russia. The President pointed out that two-thirds of the goods were mili- tary items, including large numbers of, planes and tanks that helped turn the tide in Egypt and to hold the lines in Russia. DARLAN: Legal Authority? The status of the French fleet at Toulon appeared unchanged as the Vichy radio reported that a large number of French troops had ar- rived to occupy the city. Although Adm. De La,~Borde, com- mander of the Toulon naval squad. ton, renewed his pledge of alle- giance to Marshal Petain, crews were reported unable to leave their ships, indicating Axis mistrust of the I sailors. A Nazi broadcast said that I "all strategically important points on the Mediterranean coast of south- t ern France are now protected byI German and Italian arms." Adm. Jean Darlan and the Vichy government continued their bicker- ing over which is the legitimate au- thority in French North Africa. Dar- lan. over the Morocco radio, pro- claimed that his authority is legal because it came from Marshal Pe- tain himself. He pointed out that ADMIRAL DARLAN Takes North A]dcan reins. whatever the marshal might say now should not be heeded "because he (Petain) is unable to let the French people know his real thoughts. Darlan, in one of his first demon- strations of power, appointed Gen. Henry Giraud commander in chief of French forces in the region. Vichy radio replied with an order attribut- ed to Petain "prohibiting" French colonial troops from obeying Giraud. Also it~ was stated that Glraud "broke his officer's word and thus lost his honor. He received his self conferred title of commander from a foreign power." London dispatches said that the appointment of Darlan was unpopu- lar there because he worked to as- sist the enemies of Britain and America since the fall of France. Hope was expressed in some quar- ters that Darlan's assignment was only temporary. DOUBLE FEATURES: Dim Out? Meeting in New York city, the motion picture National Board of Review passed a resolution recom- mending theater owners suspend double features for the duration "as a saving of time, critical materials and manpower needed for winning the war." Previously, Lowell Mellett. chief guess. So. long ago, Brazil, which looks to Portugal as its mother coun- try, made informal diplomatic soundings to make sure that these islands would line up with the United Nations m case of emergency. $ @ $ SOLOMONS vs. AFRICA One thing that got under the skin of high U. S. army officials during the weeks just before the North Af- rican landings was the navy's policy regarding the battle of the Solomon Islands. Though all the details had not been worked out, it had been def- initely agreed with Churchill and the Russians to start some kind of second front operation this summer. However. the navy also claimed that it could start the Solomon Islands campaign simultaneously without taking any ships out of the Atlantic or disturbing the Second Front prep- arations. The admirals promised the war department that the num- ber of ships used in the Solomons would be very small indeed. But before the Solomons opera- tions had lasted many weeks, the navy had used several times as many ships as it expected--some of them sent to the bottom of the Pacific. Ships were taken off the supply lines to Russia, despite def- inite promises made to Russia. Ships were also taken off the supply lines to England to such an extent that supplies to England dwindled to a driblet. I $ LESSON FROM ALEUTIANS Inside the navy it is pointed out that one of the best jobs Admiral NLmitz ever did was to let the Japs get into the tip end of the Aleutian islands. This proved to be a beau- tiful decoy, like flies to molasses. The Aleutians were too exposed for the Japs to defend safely, too near our bases. As a result, the Japs lost I0 de. stroyers~a big chunk out of any navy--and we are continuing to whittle them down with no loss to ourselves. U. S. bases are now so close to Kiska that U. S. planes bomb the Japs every day without fail--and bomb them so badly that recently no Jap fighter planes have been put in the air. Apparently they are all smashed. But in the other end of the Pacific, army strategists fear that we may have got ourselves in the same posi- tion as the Japs have in the Aleu. tians--with our necks so far stuck Iout that, despite current successes, we have lost more ships than the ISolomons were worth. s $ $ CHRISTMAS TRAVEL The railroads have been negotiat- ing with the schools and colleges to extend their Christmas holiday pe- riod so that it will begin before the usual Christmas home-going dates and extend beyond the usual return. ing dates. The purpose was to get rid of the school and coLlege traffic before taking on the burden of the furlough movement of soldiers, go. Lug home for Christmas. This longer vacation would be okay with a lot of girls and boys, but most of the schools and col loges have turned thumbs down. They said they could not change their schedules. Result is that the American rail- roads will carry the greatest bur- surprise when they found it in their hands. Hollywood is panicked by the wage ceiling, limiting the yearly pay check to 25 Gs net, The big- gies can collect $67,000, which is the legal 25 plus tax, but everything over stays in the boss' hip pocket . . It calls for adroit handling. If an actor keeps on working, he is I toiling for free. If he lays off he runs the risk of being forgotten by the fans . . . Biggest fear of all is it may wreck the star system. If the studios get into the habit of paying actors wages that keep them within the legal limit, they might get to like it and keep it up after the limit is off . . . Agents are scared stiff. They get 10 per cent of a client's earnings. As one of them put it: "Ten per cent of zero is zero," but there are those who think that's a fair wage for I agents. be seeing many The OWl can't "B" movies, judging from its ad- Ivies to pulp fictionists to make their villains Japs . . . Every week the cinema offers a Nipponese Nasty for slugging purposes. That makes him a pushover heavy . . . It's no sur- prise to anybody (and no drama at all) when Basil Beautiful clips the Japs in the teeth and tells him that squares Bataan. It leaves you want- ing a lot . . . The place to make the Japs the heavies is in the news. reels, especially if it also shows the heroes getting hunk. We don't want to just" pretend we're hurting them. It's much better if it's the McCoy. Oh, ever and ever so much. A Frenchman, who lived in Eng. land for many years, turned on it with written attacks after France was licked , . . When Winston Churchill heard about it, he said: "We thought we had a friend--we only had a client." The Magazines: Eugene Tillinger, in Pic, relates that there is a c~ste system among the Berlin Murder- ers' Set. Frau Himmler, he re- ports, gets snooted by the wives of Goebbels, Goering, et al, because her husband, Mr. Gestapo, butchers people for a salary, while others do it for medals . . . John Erskine, in the American Mercury, grieves that American poetry is namby- pamby because the poets "have for- gotten how to curse" . . . Mebbe that's because they keep their cussin' for their letters to critics . . I. F. Stone's pungent pieces in The Nation are waker-uppers... Look's literary snapshot of Ambas- sador Winant points out that be looks like Lincoln. But more im- portant-he thinks like him . . Kyle Crichton did a success story on actress Marjorie Reynolds. He reports she earned $600 a week in horse-operas but got a break in the films at $250 per week . . . Huh? Typewriter Ribbons: H. L. Menck. en: Conscience: An inner voice that warns us somebody is looking , . . Anon: He was a cashier who wished to be one of the 400 but now is only No. 387 . . . S. Butler: She gave the impression that her mind was wearing trousers . . . Christo. pher Hale: Don't slam your mind in my face . . . Jean Tennyson: The only ambition in life a paper den in history during the period napkin has is to get down off a from Deeembet 15 to January 5. diner's lap and play on the floor... The peak will come between Decem- Anon: The snow is beautiful if you ber 20 and 24, when the railroads are watching the other fellow shovel will have to carry: it . . . Goethe: One cannot always (1) Home-going students; (2) the be a hero, but one can always be a usual heavy civilian Christmas tray. man . . . H. Shriner: Henry Kaiser el; (3) soldiers on furlough; (4) sol- --Old Man Rivcter . . . A. P. Her- diers on week-end passes; (5) the bert: To me, the conception of two normal troop movement, which v~l] living together for 25 years, without of the Office of War Information Bu- not be suspended for Christmas. a cross word is absurd, and sug- reau of Motion Pictures, had ap- So between December 15 andgests a lack of spirit only to be peared before the board asking for January 5, civilians are asked to ' admired in sheep. Where there is the elimination of double features, stay off the railroads:spirit there must be sparks. "The habit of sitting three or four or even more hours, with one's mind afloat in a flctiouM world, hardly equips the Amerlcan population for the serious j~)b of dealing with red life. That Way lies degeneration rather than growth. And we must grow. We must grow into a people competent to win this war," he said. Mellett also said that his bureau is trying to help the American pub- lic see what the war means to them. AFRIcANA Frenchmen listening to Roose- velt's broadcast to the French peo- ple in the French language won- dered who wrote his speech. They sa~d it contained grammatical er- rors and sounded like schoolboy composition. Roosevelt's accent, however, was good. (I. General Giraud, new French com. mander in North Africa, is the first This is done through and with the Frenchman to use motorized units co-operation of newsreel editors and lin cleaning up North Africa. He with Hollywood producers of fea-I waged a successful campaign tures and shorts, l against the Riffs. Hero Bulkeley saw "Sons of Fun" the other mght and howled at it. Later he asked Olsen & Johnson: "How can you stand it night after night--all that noise and shooting?" . . . Kenneth Miller's suggested slogan for Loudmouths: "Loose Schmoose Can Cook Your Goose!" . . Gracie Fields is a click at the Wedgwood Room at the Waldorf. Gets all the stuffed shirts to sing "Always Be an England" and "'God Bless America" . . . Ginny Simms has told RKO she'll do no more B films. NO ASPIRIN FAST1 than genuine, pure St. Joseph AS World's largest seller at 10. None a none surer. Demand St. Joseph AI~ Time Is Long Time is infinitely long, i every day is a vessel into much may be poured, if we up to the brim.--Goethe. FAMOUSALL.B MUFFINS EASy i ChBitJy]~we~~i~.c.gekOn,MAKE. D~UC'0~. They really are the most dellclouJ fins that ever melted a pat of bu Made with crisp, toasted shr~ KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN, they hS~ texture and flavor that have made w (WNU Feature--Through special arrange- ment with Collier'a Weekly) There are nearly 80,000 pro-Nazi Germans in Chile; 30,000 are Ger. man nationals; 50,000 are Chilean citizens of German descent who have been hypnotized, despite their democratic antecedents, by the vic- tories of the fuehrer. There is a drama here. To see it and Chile's importance within the Pan-American picture, we must have a sense of the Chilean people. The Chilean is half mariner, half mountaineer. He lives in a land whose geography a famous Chilean writer has called "insane." Chile is 2,000 miles long and about 100 miles wide, shaped like an earth- worm. One side of it is sea, the other ice and rock. In square miles, it is larger than France, but a bare ten per .cent of its soil is cultivable, the rest being desert, mountain and poor sheep pasture. That's not the worst of it. Chile is the land of earthquakes. Every Chilean remem- bers "his earthquake." He may be fifty, and the frightful experience may have shaken his body when he was six, but his soul cannot forget. Havoc of an Earthquake. I visited Concepcion, the country's third city, where, only three years ago, a quake in 90 seconds destroyed thousands of lives and shattered hundreds of houses. The ruins are there still--the cathedral, the dwell- lags, the commercial structures and on and about them Concepcion moves, disorganized and dazed, like a city bombed by an enemy which the people cannot have the satis- faction of hating. All this has made the Chileans slow, reticent, stubborn, intellectual- ly matter-of-fact; a people of depth and will, rather than surface sensi- bility and color; a long-suffering folk whose noble music is almost buried in their hearts, as different from their charming and brilliant neighbors across the Andes as their rocky land is different from the Pampa. Chile Advanced Politically. Politically. Chile is the most ad- vanced nation of South America. Its industrial workers are all unionized, every Chilean belongs to a political party, and the, elections are honest. The two largest parties are the Radicals (corresPonding to the Lib- orals in this country) and the Con- servatives (like our die-hard Repub- licans). Socialists and Communists are highly respected, important minorities with representatives in the ministry and congress Yet this sturdy, conscious folk (with the ex- ception of Uruguay, ~e most homo- geneous in all South America) re- mains economically poor and ex- ploited. So ltard has been the life of the Chilean worker, so hard the soil so uncertain even the survival of his house when his earth quakes, that when he gets a bit of money, he ~doesn't -- like the American -- buy goods; he buys rest. Poor food, ragged clothes, a hovel of a house, he has got used to. what he wants is a week off, with plenty of wine to remove him from his troubles. The average labor-year of the fully employed, skilled Chilean industrial worker is 39 weeks. The people are democratic from top to bottom. An example: The new minister of health, Dr. Miguel Etchebarne, still works as a subordi- nate of Dr. Orrego who, officially, is under him. At 8 a. m., the min- ister takes orders from Orrego in the State hospital; at 11 a. m., in his ministry, he gives orders to Orrego. Another instance is the Church. Everywhere, there are good Catholic Democrats. In Chile alone, as far as I know, there is an organized Catholic Democratic party which works with Radicals, Socialists and Communists against the Fascist dan- ger. Schnake. the minister of labor. is of this party. Not far from Valdivia, heart of German Chile, in the village of San Jose de la Mariquina, lives the noblest of the country's anti-Nazis, a bishop and a full-blooded German! I went to see Guido Benedict Beck de Ramberga, Capuchin bishop. He told m~ of his fight against his fellow Germans and Chileans of German descent, who send him threatening letters. The Nazis have one great virtue: They know their enemies and fight them. The Gestapo in Germany warned him of reprisals if he did not stop publishing' his anti-Fascist lit- erature. The magazines and pare. phlets kept on flowing from the bish- op's print shop. This brings me back to the Nazi embassy in Chile. A few weeks ago, Minister of the Interior Morales made a speech forecasting an early break with the Axis. The Axis em- bassies got busy on the cables, and Morales cracked down, refusing to ~ass their messages. famous all over America. HJqLLOGG'S ALL-BRAN MUFFINS 2 tablespoons % cup milk ! shortening 1 cup flour I cup sugar % teaspoon s~! 1 egg 2 ~ teaspoons 1 cup All-Bran baking poW Cream shortening and sugar; add and beat well. Stir in All-Bran milk; let soak until most of mol~ is taken up. Sift flour with salt baking powder; add to first n~V and stir only until flour dlsappear~ greased muffin pans two-thirds full bake in moderately hot oven (40~ about 30 minutes. Yield: 6 largs fins, 3 inches in diameter, or 12 muffins, 2V~ inches in diameter. 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